James D. McCawley C.V.


University of Chicago, 1954-59 and 1960-61 (M.S., mathematics, 1958)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1961-64 (Ph. D., linguistics, 1965; thesis topic:

The accentual system of modern standard Japanese)

Courses at Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (Münster) 1959-60; University of Texas, summer 1961 (Linguistic Institute); Seton Hall University, summer 1963 (Intensive Japanese) 



Assistant professor of linguistics, University of Chicago, 9/64-9/69

Associate professor of linguistics, University of Chicago, 9/69-9/70

Professor of linguistics, University of Chicago, 9/70 to present

Currently Andrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Professor of Linguistics and of East Asian Languages and Civilizations



Translator of Russian mathematical books, University of Chicago, 5-9/59, 8/60-1/61, 6-8/61.

Research assistant, Mechanical translation group, MIT, 1-7/62, 2-6/63.

Teaching assistant, German, MIT, 9/62-1/63.

Research linguist, IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights NY, 6-9/64.

Research linguist, Workshop on mathematical models in linguistics, MIT, 6-8/65.

Research linguist, Tokyo Center for Advanced Studies in Language, 6-9/67.

Visiting assistant professor, University of Illinois (Linguistic Institute), 6-8/68.

Visiting lecturer, Scandinavian Summer School of Linguistics, 8/69.

Thord-Gray visiting lecturer, University of Göteborg, 9-12/69.

Visiting associate professor of lingusitics, University of Michigan, 1-4/70.

Lecturer, Fifth International Seminar on Theoretical Linguistics, Tokyo, 8/70.

Visiting associate professor of linguistics, University of California at Santa Cruz, 6-8/71.

Visiting fellow, Australian National University (Canberra), 6-8/73.

Visiting professor of linguistics, University of Hawaii (Linguistic Institute), 7-8/77.

Visiting professor of philosophy (half time), University of Illinois at Chicago, 1-3/78.

Visiting professor of linguistics, University of New Mexico (Linguistic Institute), 6-8/80.

Visiting fellow, Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (Hyderabad, India), 7-8/80

Visiting professor of Linguistics, University of Maryland (Linguistic Institute), 7-8/82.

Visiting professor of linguistics, Georgetown University (Linguistic Institute), 6-8/85.

Visiting professor of Linguistics, Institute on Transformational-Generative Grammar, University of Delhi, 8-9/85.

Visiting professor of Linguistics, Guangzhou Institute of Foreign Languages, 9/87.

Visiting professor of Linguistics, University of Arizona (Linguistic Institute), 6-8/89.

Visiting professor of Linguistics, National Tsing Hua University (Hsinchu, Taiwan), 2-6/94.



Linguistic Society of America: member of Nominating Committee (Jan 74 to Dec 76; Chairman 76), member of Executive Committee (Jan 78-Dec 80); Vice-President (1995); President (1996)

Associate editor, Language, Jan 69 to Dec 72, and Jan 88 to Dec 90.

Associate editor, Linguistic Inquiry, Jan 70 to Dec 75.

Consulting editor, Foundations of Language, Jan 74 to Dec 76.

Consulting editor, Studies in Language, Jan 77 to Dec 80.

Associate editor, Australian Journal of Linguistics, Jan 81 to present.

Consulting editor, Quaderni di Semantica, Jan 81 to Dec 85.

Associate editor, Journal of Semantics, Jan 82 to present.

Associate editor, Papers in Japanese Linguistics, Jan 72 to present.

Consulting editor, Linguistics, July 79 to Dec. 92.

Member, editorial board, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Jan 83 to Dec 86.

Member, consejo asesor, Revista Argentina de Lingüística, Oct 85 to present.

Member, consultation board, International Pragmatics Assn., Jan. 86 to present.

Member, advisory board, Reason Foundation, Jan. 79 to Dec. 84.

Member, Committee of Scholars, Agorist Institute, Jan 87 to present

Member, editorial board, Journal of East Asian Linguistics, Jan 91 to present



Libertarian Party candidate for Trustee of University of Illinois, 1976 (received 17,542 votes), 1978 (35,000+ votes), 1980 (59,994 votes)

American Academy of Arts and Sciences, fellow, May 1983 to present.

Dedicatee of Zwicky, Salus, Binnick, and Vanek (eds.), Studies out in left field: defamatory essays presented to James D. McCawley on the occasion of his 33rd or 34th birthday (Edmonton: Linguistic Research, 1971; reprinted 1992, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: Benjamins), and of Brentari, Larson, and MacLeod (eds.), The Joy of Grammar (Amsterdam and Philadelphia: Benjamins, 1992)

Honorary Ph. D., University of Göteborg, Oct. 5, 1991




(some titles altered in interests of clarity)

Introduction to linguistics (Win 65, Aut 66)

Introduction to linguistics, advanced version (Aut 64, 65, 66, 67)

Syntax I (Win 68, Aut 72, 73, 75, 76, 79, 80, 81, Sum 82, 85, Aut 88, 89, 93, 94)

Syntax II (Spr 68, 69, 71, Win 75, 79, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 91, 92, 93, 96)

English syntax (Spr 65, 66, 67, Aut 69, Spr 94)

Topics in syntax and semantics (Spr 69)

Topics in the history of syntax (Spr 68, 69, Aut 70)

Syntax practicum (Aut 71, Win 73, 78)

Topics in syntax (Win 76, Aut 86, Win 89, Spr 93)

Notions of syntactic structure (Spr 85, 92, Aut 95)

Seminar in syntax (Aut 85, 86)

Syntactic categories (Aut 81, Spr 96)

Courses on specific topics in syntax: relative clauses and coordination (Win 82), Adverbs and complements (Spr 82), Negation and comparatives (Aut 82), Anaphora (Aut 83), Nondeclarative sentences (Aut 84), Negation (Win 90)

Lexicalism and interpretive semantics (Spr 72, Win 74, Spr 76, 78)

Montague grammar (Spr 79, 81, Win 83)

Otto Jespersen (Spr 80, 91)

Cognitive grammar (Spr 83)

Semantics (Spr 67, Win 70, Sum 80)

Seminar in semantics and pragmatics (Aut 85, 86, Win 86, 87)

Linguistic logic (Spr 73, 74, Sum 74, spr 75, 76, 77, Sum 77, Aut 78, 79, win 80, 81, Aut 82, 83, 84, 87, Win 89, 90, Aut 91, 92, Spr 94, Win 95)

Topics in linguistic logic (Aut 75, 77, Spr 82, 88, aut 90, 95)

Philosophy of language (Win 78)

Tense and aspect (Win 80, 85, 91)

Discourse structure (Win 79, 81, Spr 84, Win 87)

Syntax and semantics of conditional constructions (Spr 89)

Speech acts (Spr 95)

The lexicon and grammar (Win 71, 72, Aut 73, Win 77, Spr 80, Sum 80, Spr 83)

Lexical semantics (Win 88)

Practical lexicography (Aut 74)

Seminar on idioms (Aut 72)

Generative phonology (Win 65, 66, 67, Aut 67, 68, 60, Spr 73, 75)

Accentology (Spr 65, Sum 68, win 69, 70, 73, Spr 79)

Topics in the history of phonology (Aut 65, 68)

Topics in phonology (Win 74)

English phonology (Aut 71, 76)

Phonology practicum (Aut 77)

Structure of Japanese (Win 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, Spr 71, Win 72)

Japanese syntax (Sum 71, win 84, aut 89, 91, spr 95)

Topics in Japanese syntax (Aut 90, Win 96)

Seminar in Japanese syntax (Win 92)

Japanese phonology (Win 75, Spr 86, Aut 93)

History of the Japanese language (Spr 74, 77)

English-Japanese comparative vocabulary (Win 76, Sum 77, Spr 93) 

Chinese syntax (Aut 85, Spr 87, 90, Aut 92, Aut 94)

Topics in Chinese syntax (Spr 88)

Seminar in Chinese syntax (Aut 88, Spr 91)

Tone in Bantu languages (Win 71, Spr 72)

Structure of Dutch (Win 77)

Seminar on Finno-Ugric linguistics (Win 67)

Seminar on Spanish syntax (Win 93) 

Linguistics and the philosophy of science (Spr 78, Win 81, Spr 84, 86, 89, 92, Win 95)

Justification of linguistic units (Aut 78, Spr 81, Sum 82, Spr 85)

Mathematical models in linguistics (Aut 64, Spr 66, Win 68, Aut 74, Win 78)

Writing systems (Aut 87)



1963a. Finnish noun morphology. Quarterly Progress Report 68, Research Laboratory of Electronics, MIT, 180-86. 

1963b. Consonant mutation in Finnish. QPR 70 of RLE, MIT, 268-73. 

1963c. Stress and pitch in the Serbo-Croatian verb. QPR 70, RLE, MIT, 282-90.

1964. Review of Robert T. Harms, Estonian Grammar. Word 19.114-26.

1965. (with E. Wayles Browne III) Srpskohrvatski akcenat. Zbornik za Filologiju i Lingvistiku 8.147-51. English original in E. Fudge (ed.), Phonology (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) 

1966a. Review of J. Yamagiwa (ed.), Papers of the CIC Far Eastern Language Institute. Lg. 42.170-75.

1966b. Review of W. Cooper, Set theory and syntactic description. Foundations of Language 2.408-10.

1967a. Edward Sapir's 'phonologic representation'. IJAL 33.106-11. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:3-9 and in K. Koerner (ed.) Edward Sapir: Appraisals of his Life and Work (Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1984), 153-8. 

1967b. Meaning and the description of language. Kotoba no Uchu 2.9.10-18, 2.10.38-48, and 2.11.51-57. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:99-120 and in J. Rosenberg and C. Travis (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Language (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1970), 514-33. German translation appears in F. Kiefer (ed.), Semantic und generative Grammatik (Frankfurt, Athenäum, 1972), 

1967c. The phonological theory behind Whitney's Sanskrit Grammar. In Languages and Areas, studies presented to George V. Bobrinskoy (University of Chicago Humanities Division), 76-44. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:10-19. 

1967d. The role of a system of phonological features in a theory of language. Appears in French translation in Langages 8.112-123. English original in V. Makkai (ed.), Phonological Theory (New York: Holt, Rinehart and WInston, 1972), 322-8; reprinted in McCawley 1979b:20-29. German translation in F. Kiefer (ed.), Phonologie und generative Grammatik 2 (Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1975), 73-91.

1967e. (letter concerning misconceptions about transformational grammar). Chicago Daily News , Oct. 13.

1968a. Can you count pluses and minuses before you can count? Chicago Journal of Linguistics 2.51-56. Reprinted with afterword in The Best of CLS , Chicago Linguistic Society, 257-261a.

1968b. The accentuation of Japanese noun compounds. Journal-newsletter of the Association of Teachers of Japanese, May 1968, 1-11. 

1968c. Lexical insertion in a transformational grammar without deep structure. CLS 4.71-80. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:155-66. German translation in S. Stelzer (ed.), Probleme des 'Lexikons'(Frankfurt, Athenäum, 1983), 42-56. Spanish translation in V. Sánchez de Zavala (ed.), Semántica y sintaxis en la lingüística transformatoria (Madrid:259-75) 

1968d. A note on Faroese vowels. Glossa 2.11-16.

1968e. Review of Nguyen,English syntax: a combined tagmemic-transformational approach. American Anthropologist 70.427-8.

1968f. Concerning the base component of a transformational grammar. Foundations of Language 4.243-69. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:35-58.

1968g. The phonological component of a grammar of Japanese. The Hague: Mouton.

1968h. The role of semantics in a grammar. In E. Bach and R. Harms (eds.), Universals in linguistic theory (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston), 124-69. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:59-98. Russian translation by I. A. Mel'cuk in Novoe v zarybezhnoy Lingvistike 10 (Moscow: Progress, 1981), 235-301.

1968i. Review of Sebeok (ed.), Current Trends in Linguistics 3. Lg. 44.556-93. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:167-205.

1968j. The genitive plural in Finnish. Ural-altaische Jahrbücher 40.10-17.

1969. Length and voicing in Tübatulabal. CLS 5.397-405. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:30-40.

1970a. On the applicability of vice-versa. Linguistic Inquiry 1.278-80. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:237-9. 

1970b. English as a VSO language. Lg. 46.286-99. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:211-28, in P. Seuren (ed.), Semantic Syntax (Oxford: Clarendon, 1974), 74-95, and in D. Davidson and G. Harman (eds.), The logic of grammar (Encino: Dickenson, 1975), 100-113. German translation in P. Seuren (ed.), Generative Semantik (Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1973), 150-74.

1970c. Review of O. Jespersen, Analytic Syntax. Lg. 46.442-49. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:229-36. 

1970d. Some tonal systems that come close to being pitch accent systems but don't quite make it. Papers from the 6th Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society , 526-32. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:41-47.

1970e. Phonology. Times Literary Supplement, July 23, 817-19. 

1970f. A note on reflexives. Journal of Philosophical Linguistics 1.2.6-8.

1970g. A note on tone in Tiv conjugation. Studies in African Linguistics 1.123-30. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:48-52

1970h. Where do noun phrases come from. In Jacobs and Rosenbaum, Readings in English Transformational Grammar (Boston: Ginn), 166-83. Revised version in D. Steinberg and L. Jakobovits (eds.), Semantics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 217-31; reprinted in McCawley 1973e:133-54. Spanish translation in V. Sanchez de Zavala, Semántica en la lingüística transformatoria(Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1974), 232-58. German translation in F. Kiefer and D. Perlmutter (eds.), Syntax und generative Grammatik (Frankfurt: Athenaion, 1974), vol. 2, 129-60.

1970l. Semantic representation. In P. Garvin, Cognition: a multiple view (New York: Spartan), 227-47. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:240-56. Czech translation in E. Hajicová (ed.), Studie z transformacní gramatiky (Praha: Státní Pedagogické Nakladatelství, 1975), vol. 1, 75-89. Korean translation in C. Lee et al. (eds.) y_n_ kwahak ilan mu_s inga (Seoul, 1977), 87-111.

1971a. Tense and time reference in English. In C. Fillmore and T. Langendoen (eds.), Studies in Linguistic Semantics (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston), 96-113. Also in McCawley 1973e:257-82. Czech translation in E. Hajicová (ed.), Studie z transformacní gramatiky (Praha: Státní Pedagogické Nakladatelství, 1975), vol. 2, 151-65.

1971b. Interpretative semantics meets Frankenstein. Foundations of Language 7.285-96. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:333-42. 

1971c. Prelexical syntax. Georgetown Roundtable Meeting, 19-33. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:343-56 and in P. Seuren (ed.), Semantic Syntax (Oxford: Clarendon), 29-42. German translation in P. Seuren, Generative Semantik (Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1975), 98-114.

1972a. A program for logic. D. Davidson and G. Harman (eds.), Semantics of natural language (Dordrecht: Reidel), 498-544. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:285-319. German translation in W. Abraham and R. Binnick (eds.), Generative Semantik (Frankfurn/M: Athenäum, 1973), 157-212. 

1972b. Notes on Japanese potential clauses. Studies in descriptive and applied linguistics (Tokyo: International Christian University), 5.18-40. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:357-68.

1972d. An argument for a cycle in Japanese syntax. Papers in Japanese Linguistics 1.69-73. 

1972e. On interpreting the theme of this conference. D. Cohen (ed.), Limiting the domain of linguistics (Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin), vi-xi. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:217-22.

1972f. McCawley-hakase o kakonde. (transcript of question-answer session, translated into Japanese and edited by S. Saito & R. Kobayashi). Eigo Kyoiku 21.8.33-41 and 21.9.24-29. 

1972g. Kac and Shibatani on the grammar of killing. J. Kimball (ed.), Syntax and Semantics 1 (New York: Academic Press), 139-39.

1972h. Translation of M. Tokugawa, 'Towards a family tree for accent in Japanese dialects'. Papers in Japanese Linguistics 1.301-320.

1973a. External NP's vs. annotated deep structures. Linguistic Inquiry 4.221-240.

1973b. William Dwight Whitney as a syntactician. In B. Kachru et al. (eds.), Issues in Linguistics: Studies presented to Henry and Renee Kahane (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press), 554-68. Reprinted in McCawley 1973e:320-332. 

1973c. Comments on papers by G. Lakoff and R. Lakoff. Proceedings of the New York Academy of Sciences 211.165-71.

1973d. (letter concerning Japanese verb morphology and pedagogical glossaries). Journal of the Association of Teachers of Japanese 8.2.64-5.

1973e. Grammar and Meaning. Tokyo: Taishukan. Consists of annotated versions of 1967b, 1968cfhi, 1970abchikl, 1971abc, 1972ab, 1973b, and four previously unpublished papers: 'Quantitative and qualitative comparison in English' (1965,1-14), review of Owen Thomas, Transformational Grammar and the Teaching of English (1966, 15-34), 'The annotated respective ' (1968, 121-32), and 'A note on multiple negations' (1970, 206-10). 

1973f. The role of notation in generative phonology. M. Gross, M. Halle, and M.-P. Schutzenberger (eds.), The formal analysis of natural languages (The Hague: Mouton), 51-62. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:204-16.

1973g. Tone in Tonga. S. Anderson and P. Kiparsky (eds.), A Festschrift for Morris Halle (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston), 140-52. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:53-67.

1973h. Fodor on where the action is. The Monist 57.396-407. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:76-83. 

1973i. Syntactic and logical arguments for semantic structures. In O. Fujimura (ed.), Three dimensions of linguistic Research (Tokyo: TEC), 259-376.

1973j. Global rules and Bangubangu tone. In M. Kenstowicz & C. Kisseberth (eds.),

Issues in Phonological Theory (The Hague: Mouton), 160-168. 

1974a. On identifying the remains of deceased clauses. Language Research (Seoul, Korea), 9.2.73-85. Reprinted in A. Makkai and L. Hellman (eds.), Linguistics at the Crossroads (Lake Bluff: Jupiter, 1977), 131-142, in D. Bornstein (ed.), Readings in the theory of grammar (Cambridge: WInthrop, 1976), 288-198, and in McCawley 1979b:84-95.

1974b. Review of Chomsky and Halle, The Sound Pattern of English. International Journal of American Linguistics 40.50-88. Reprinted in D. Goyvaerts and G. Pullum (eds.), Essays on 'The Sound Pattern of English' (Ghent: Story-Scientia, 1976), 145-97. 

1974c. (interview conducted by Herman Parret). H. Parret (ed.), Discussing Linguistics (The Hague: Mouton), 249-77.

1974d. Review of B. Derwing, Transformational grammar as a theory of language acquisition. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 19.177-88.

1974e. (letter concerning sexism and English pronouns). New York Times Magazine Nov. 10, 103.

1974f. If and only if Linguistic Inquiry 5.632-35.

1975a. On what is deep about deep structures. W. Weimer and D. Palermo (eds.), Cognition and the symbolic processes (New York: Halsted Press), 125-28. 

1975b. Review of Chomsky, Studies on semantics in generative grammar. Studies in English Linguistics (Tokyo) 3.209-311. Reprinted in McCawley 1982d:10-127.

1975c. (letter concerning vocabulary and attitudes towards sex). Playboy, June, p. 52.

1975d. Truth-functionality and natural deduction. G. Epstein (ed.), Proceedings of the international symposium on multi-valued logic (Long Beach CA: IEEE Computer Society), 412-18.

1975e. On the category status of modal auxiliary verbs. Foundations of Language 12.597-601. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:96-100. 

1975f. Comments on R. Dougherty, 'Generative semantic methodology: a Bloomfieldian counterrevolution'. International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 4.151-58. 

1975g. Lexicography and the count-mass distinction. Proceedings of the First Berkeley Linguistic Society Conference, 314-321. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:165-73. 

1975h. Verbs of bitching. D. Hockney et al. (eds.), Contemporary research in philosophical logic and linguistic semantics (Dordrecht: Reidel), 313-32. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b: 135-50. French translation entitled 'Le Telescopage' in Communications 20.1-38 (1973). 

1975i. Review of T. Y. Pak, 'McCawley and logic'. Mathematical reviews 50.846.

1976a. Review of David C. Bennett, Spatial and temporal uses of English prepositions: an essay in stratificational semantics. The Times Literary Supplement, Jan. 30, 121.

1976b. ¡Madison Avenue, si, Pennsylvania Avenue, no! P. Reich (ed.), The Second LACUS Forum (Columbia SC: Hornbeam), 17-28. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:223-33.

1976c. Morphological indeterminacy in underlying syntactic structure. F. Ingemann (ed.), Proceedings of the 1975 Mid-America Linguistics Conference (Lawrence: University of Kansas), 317-26. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:113-21. 

1976d. Some ideas not to live by. Die neueren Sprachen 75.151-165. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:234-46.

1976e. Notes on Jackendoff's theory of anaphora. Linguistic Inquiry 7.319-341. Reprinted under the title 'How to get an intepretive theory of anaphora to work' in McCawley 1982d:128-58. 

1976g. Review of R. Lakoff, Language and woman's place. Reason, Aug., 40-42. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:174-8.

1976h. Remarks on what can cause what. In Shibatani (ed.), The grammar of causative constructions (Syntax and Semantics 6, New York: Academic Press), 117-29. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:101-12. 

1976i (editor). Notes from the linguistic underground (Syntax and Semantics 7). New York: Academic Press.

1977a. Evolutionary parallels between Montague grammar and transformational grammar. NELS 7.219-232. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:122-32. 

1977b. (letter concerning verbs relating to orgasm). Psychology Today 10.11.128.

1977c. Accent in Japanese. L. Hyman, Studies in stress and accent (USC Occasional Papers in Linguistics 4, Los Angeles: USC), 251-302.

1977d. Remarks on the lexicography of performative verbs. A. Rogers, R. Wall, and J. Murphy (eds.), Performatives, presuppositions, and implicatures (Arlington VA: Center for Applied Linguistics), 13-25. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:151-64.

1977e. Lexicographic notes on English quantifiers. Papers from the 13th Regional meeting , Chicago Linguistic Society, 372-383. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:179-90. 

1977f. A use-mention fallacy fallacy. CLS Book of Squibs , 71.

1977g. A propos de "Questions de sémantique" de N. Chomsky. (French translation by M. Galmiche of excerpts from 1975b). Langages 48.50-59. 

1977h. Acquisition models as models of acquisition. R. Fasold and R. Shuy (eds.), Studies in Language Variation (Washington : Georgetown University Press), 51-64.

1977i. The nonexistence of syntactic categories. Second Annual Metatheory Conference Proceedings (East Lansing: Michigan State University), 212-232. Substantially revised version appears in McCawley 1982d:176-203.

1977j. (interview conducted by F. G. A. M. Aerts). Forum der Letteren 18.213-252.

1977k. Review of George Dillon, Introduction to Comtemporary Linguistic Semantics. American Journal of Computational Linguistics 14.22-32.

1978a. Restrictive relatives and surface constituent structure. NELS 8.154-66.

1978b. Conversational implicature and the lexicon. P. Cole (ed.), Pragmatics (Syntax and Semantics 9; New York: Academic Press), 245-59.

1978c. Relative and relative-like clauses. P. Seuren (ed.), Symposium on semantic theory (Grammarij 9), Nijmegen, 149-88.

1978d. Jakobsonian ideas in generative grammar. D. Armstrong and C. H. van Schooneveld (eds.), Roman Jakobson: echoes of his scholarship (Lisse: de Ridder), 269-83. 

1978e. Notes on Japanese clothing verbs. I. Howard and J. Hinds (eds.), Problems in Japanese Syntax and Semantics (Tokyo: Kaitakusha), 68-78.

1978f. Logic and the lexicon. Papers from the Paraseeession on the Lexicon (Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society), 261-77. 

1978g. What is a tone language? V. Fromkin (ed.), Tone: a linguistic survey (New York: Academic Press), 113-131.

1978h. Foreword to J. Levi, The Syntax and Semantics of Complex Nominals (New York: Academic Press), xi-xiii.

1978i. Where you can shove infixes. A. Bell and J. Hooper (eds.), Syllables and Segments (Amsterdam and New York ; North Holland), 213-21.

1978j. Notes on the history of accent in Japanese. J. Fisiak (ed.), Recent developments in historical phonology (The Hague: Mouton), 287-307.

1978k. World-creating predicates. Versus 19/10.79-93.

1978l. Review of A. Akmajian and F. Heny, Introduction to the Principles of Transformational Grammar. Studies in Language 2.385-95.

1979a. Two notes on comparatives. E Polome et al. (eds.), Linguistic and Literary Studies Presented to Archibald A. Hill, vol. 2 (Lisse: de Ridder), 67-72. Reprinted in McCawley 1979b:71-75. 

1979b. Adverbs, Vowels, and Other Objects of Wonder. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Contains 1967acd, 1969, 1970g, 1972e, 1973fgi, 1974a, 1975egh, 1976bdfgi, 1977ade, 1979b, and (previously unpublished) 'Statement vs. rule in linguistic description'; with introduction and notes. 

1979c. Comments. D. Dinnsen (ed.), Current approaches to Phonological Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 294-302.

1979d. Concerning a methodological pseudo-exorcism. Linguistics 17.3-20.

1979e. Presupposition and discourse structure. C.-K. Oh and D. Dinneen (eds.), Presupposition (Syntax and Semantics 11, New York: Academic Press), 371-88. 

1979f. (letter concerning Black English and elementary education). Chicago Tribune, Aug. 9.

1979g. Creativity and personal freedom. (review of G. Sampson, Liberty and Language). Inquiry, Sept. 10, 22-24. 

1979h. Remarks on Cena's vowel shift experiment. The Elements (Papers from Chicago Linguistic Society parasession), 110-18. 

1979i. Language universals in linguistic argumentation. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 8.2.205-219. Also in 1982d:159-75. 

1979j. Helpful hints to the ordinary working Montague grammarian. S. Davis and M. Mithun (eds.), Linguistics, Philosophy, and Montague Grammar (Austin: University of Texas Press), 103-25. 

1980a. ¡Tabula si, rasa no! The behavioral and brain sciences 3.26-7.

1980b. Speaker- and addressee-based sincerity conditions. In Alvar: a linguistically varied assortment of readings (studies presented to Alvar Ellegård on the occasion of his 60th birthday). Stockholm papers in English language and Literature 1.130-37. 

1980c. Review of G. Sampson, Liberty and Language. Language 56.639-47. Reprinted in Otero (ed.), Noam Chomsky: Critical Assessments (Routledge, 1995), vol. 3. 

1980d. A rejoinder to Larry Horn's comments. In M. Kac (ed.), Current syntactic theories: discussion papers from the 1979 Milwaukee syntax conference . Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 135-40.

1981a. Everything that linguists have always wanted to know about logic (but were ashamed to ask). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, and Oxford: Blackwell. 

1981b. An un-syntax. E. Moravcsik and J. Wirth (eds.), Current Approaches to Syntax (Syntax and Semantics 13), New York: Academic Press, 167-93.

1981c. Fuzzy logic and restricted quantifiers. S. Kanger and S. Öhman (eds.), Philosophy and grammar (Dordrecht: Reidel), 101-18.

1981d. The syntax and semantics of English relative clauses. Lingua 53.99-149. 

1981e. Review of F. Newmeyer, Linguistic Theory in America. Linguistics 18.911-30.

1981f. Notes on the English present perfect. Australian Journal of Linguistics 1.81-90.

1981g. Newmeyer on what happened to generative semantics. Linguistics 18.1099-1104.

1982a. Parentheticals and discontinuous constituent structure. Linguistic Inquiry 13.91-106.

1982b. letters on miscellaneous topics. William Safire, What's the goood word? (New York: Times Books), 141-2, 148-9, 228. 

1982c. How far can you trust a linguist? T. Simon and R. Scholes (eds.), Language, mind, and brain (Hillsdale NJ: Ablex), 75-87.

1982d. Thirty million theories of grammar. London: Croom Helm, and Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Contains 1975b, 1976e, 1979i, and an expanded version of 1977i, with introduction and added notes).

1982e. Review of A. Gupta, The logic of common nouns. Journal of Philosophy 79.512-17.

1982f. Comments on Bowerman's paper. Quaderni di Semantica 3.71-75.

1983a. Towards plausibility in theories of language acquisition. Communication and Cognition 16.169-83.

1983b. What's with with ? Language 59.271-87.

1983c. Review of Marciszewski, Dictionary of Logic. Semiotica 42.279-83.

1983d. Accent. Encyclopedia of Japan 1.6-8.

1983e. The syntax of some English adverbs. CLS 19.263-82. 

1983f. Review of Wierzbicka, Lingua Mentalis. Language 59.654-59.

1983g. Execute criminals, not rules of grammar. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6.410-11. 

1984a. The Eater's Guide to Chinese Characters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1984b. (letters on miscellaneous topics). In William Safire, I Stand Corrected (New York: Times Books), 16, 109-11, 135-6, 204-5.

1984c. Review of White, Grammatical Theory and Language Acquisition. Language 60. 431-6.

1984d. Exploitation of the cyclic principle as a research strategy in syntax. In W. de Geest and Y. Putseys (eds.), Sentential Complementation (Dordrecht: Foris), 165-83.

1984e. Introduction to reprint of Otto Jespersen, Analytic Syntax, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, xi-xix.

1984f. Anaphora and notions of command. Papers from the 10th Annual Meeting , Berkeley Linguistics Society, 220-32.

1984g. Review of Seward, Japanese in Action, 2nd ed. Language 60.994-5.

1985a. Speech acts and Goffman's participant roles. In ESCOL '84 (Columbus: Ohio State University Linguistics Dept.), 260-74. 

1985b. Review of P. Jacobson and G. Pullum (eds.) The Nature of Syntactic Representation. Australian Journal of Linguistics 5.85-109.

1985c. Review of F. Newmeyer, Grammatical Theory. Language 61.668-79.

1985d. What price the performative analysis? University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 1.43-64.

1985e. Review of F. Heny and B. Richards (eds.), Linguistic Categories. Language 61.849-62.

1985f. Kuhnian paradigms as systems of markedness conventions. In A. Makkai and A. Melby (eds.), Linguistics and Philosophy: Studies in Honor of Rulon S. Wells , Amsterdam: Benjamins, 23-43.

1986a. (with Katsuhiko Momoi) The constituent structure of -te complements in Japanese. Working Papers from the First SDF Workshop on Japanese Syntax, 97-116. Expanded version in Papers in Japanese Linguistics 11.1-60.

1986b. Actions and events despite Bertrand Russell. in E. Lepore (ed.), A Companion to Davidson's 'Essays on Actions and Events'. Oxford: Blackwells, 177-92. 

1986c. Today the world, tomorrow phonology. Phonology Yearbook 3. 27-43. Earlier version in G. Nathan and M. Winters (eds.), The Uses of Phonology (SIU Occasional Papers in Linguistics 12, 1984), 88-102.

1986d. What linguists might contribute to dictionary-making if they could get their act together. V. Raskin and P. Bjarkman (eds.), The Real-world Linguist , Norwood NJ: Ablex, 1-18.

1986e. (transcript of question-answer session held in Trivandrum, India, freely translated into Indian English). Newsletter , International School of Dravidian Linguistics.

1986f. Review of T. Paikeday, The Native Speaker is Dead! Linguistics 24.1137-9.

1986g. Competence vs. performance. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Semiotics, Berlin: de Gruyter, 141-2.

1986h. Syntax. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Semiotics , Berlin: de Gruyter, 1061-71.

1987a. (garbled version of letter). Psychology Today , March, p. 6.

1987b. Review of D. T. Langendoen and P. M. Postal, The Vastness of Natural Languages . IJAL53.236-39. Also in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 3.177-81. 

1987c. Some further evidence for discontinuity. In G. Huck and A. Ojeda (eds.), Discontinuous Constituency (Syntax and Semantics 20, New York: Academic Press), 185-200.

1987d. A case of syntactic mimicry. R. Dirven and V. Frid (eds.), Functionalism. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 459-70.

1987e. The syntax of English echoes. CLS 23.246-58.

1987f. Review of Roy A. Miller, Nihongo: in defence of Japanese. Lg. 63.904-6.

1987g. Review of P. A. M. Seuren, Discourse Semantics. Journal of Semantics 5.261-7.

1988a. Comments on Chomsky, 'Language and problems of knowledge'. University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 4.148-56. 

1988b. Introduction to 'syntax and semantics' section. The Best of CLS, Chicago Linguistic Society, 2-4.

1988c. Review of Chomsky, Knowledge of Language. Lg. 64.355-65. Reprinted in Otero (ed.), Noam Chomsky: Critical Assessments (Routledge, 1995), vol. 1. 

1988d. The multi-dimensionality of pragmatics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10.723-4.

1988e. Adverbial NP's: bare or clad in see-through garb? Language 64. 583-90. Preliminary version appears in Metropolitan Linguistics (Tokyo) 6.1-13 (1986).

1988f. The Syntactic Phenomena of English. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1988g. (letters on miscellaneous topics). William Safire, You could look it up (New York: Times Books), 234, 296-98, 325-26. 

1988h. The comparative conditional construction in English, German, and Mandarin Chinese. BLS 14.176-87. 

1989a. 1978 TINLAP comments. University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 5.83-89.

1989b The bleen years. University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 5.90-91.

1989c. Infl', Spec, and other fabulous beasts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11.350-52. Expanded version in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 5.92-95.

1989d. Review of Abraham, Terminologie zur neuren Linguistik. Language 65.872-3.

1989e. Notes on Li and Thompson's Mandarin Chinese. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers' Association 24.19-42.

1989f. On making life easier for users of Chinese-English dictionaries. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers' Association 24.105-9. 

1989g. Individuation in and of syntactic structures. M. Baltin and A. Kroch (eds.), Alternative Conceptions of Phrase Structure (Chicago: University of Chicago Pres), 117-38. Preliminary version in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 3.151-76. 

1990a. (letter concerning Sapir-Whorf hypothesis). Liberty 3.5.8.

1990b. In, into, and enter. In J. Edmondson, C. Feagin, and P. Mühlhäusler (eds.), Development and diversity: linguistic variation across space and time . Arlington TX: Summer Institute of Lingustics, 225-37.

1990c. (letters on miscellaneous topics). William Safire, Language maven strikes again (New York: Doubleday), 87-91, 141-2, 234-5. 

1990d. The dark side of reason (review of Paul Feyerabend, Farewell to Reason ). Critical Review 4.277-85.

1990e. Iwakura on discontinuity. English Linguistics 7.188-97. 

1991a. Remarks on adverbial constituent structure. In C. Georgopolous and R. Ishihara (eds.), Interdisciplinary approaches to language: essays in honor of S.-Y. Kuroda (Dordrecht: Reidel), 415-33.

1991b. Natural deduction and discourse structure. In H. A. Lewis (ed.), Peter T. Geach: Philosophical Encounters (Dordrecht: Kluwer), 151-59. Earlier version in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 2.115-122 (1986).

1991c. Review of Arne Juul and Hans Nielsen (eds.), Otto Jespersen: Facets of his life and work. Lg. 67.117-20.

1991d. Foreword to Pullum, The great Eskimo vocabulary hoax., vii-x. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1991e. A linguistic flea circus. Indiana University Linguistics Club. 

1991f. (letters on various topics). In William Safire, Coming to terms (New York: Doubleday), 77, 90, 141, 254-5.

1991g. Patients and clients. University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 6.37-38.

1991h. Would and might in counterfactual conditional sentences. University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 6.39-48

1991i. Negative evidence and the gratuitous leap from principles to parameters. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14.627-28. 

1991j. Contrastive negation and metalinguistic negation. CLS 27.2.189-206. 

1992a. Foreword to P. Constantine, Japanese Street Slang . New York: Weatherhill.

1992b. Justifying part-of-speech distinctions in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 20.211-46.

1992c. Linguistic aspects of musical and mathematical notation. In P. Downing, S. Lima, and M. Noonan (eds.), Literacy and Linguistics, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: Benjamins, 169-90. 

1992d. Review of Audrey Y.-H. Li, Order and constituency in Mandarin Chinese. Language 68.596-605.

1992e. Introduction and index to reprint of Jespersen, The Philosophy of Grammar. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1-9 and 315-63. 

1992f. Modifiers hosted by indefinite and interrogative pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry 23.663-7. 

1992g. The biological side of Otto Jespersen's linguistic thought. Historiographia Linguistica 19.97-110.

1992h. The cyclic principle as a source of explanation in syntax. CLS 28.2.158-80.

1992i. A note on auxiliary verbs and language acquisition. Journal of Linguistics 28.445-51. 

1993a. (letters on miscellaneous topics). In William Safire, Quoth the Maven (New York: Random House), 38, 221-22, 235, 295. 

1993b. 2nd edition of Everything that Linguists have Always Wanted to Know About Logic (but were Ashamed to Ask) (= 1981a). University of Chicago Press.

1993c. Gapping with shared operators. Berkeley Linguistic Society 19.245-53.

1993d. How to achieve lexicographic virtue through judicious and selective sinning. Dictionaries 14.120-29.

1993e. Introduction to reprint of Jespersen, Progress in language , ix-xvii. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

1993f. The cyclic principle. Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics (Pergamon Press), 801-2.

1993g. Generative semantics. Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics (Pergamon Press), 1388-1403. 

1993h. A Japanese and Ainu linguistic feast (review article on Shibatani, The Languages of Japan ). Journal of Linguistics 29.469-84.

1994a. Some graphotactic constraints. In W. C. Watt (ed.), Writing Systems and Cognition (Dordrecht: Kluwer), 115-27. Earlier version in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 5.96-103.

1994b. Remarks on Mandarin Chinese Yes-No questions. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 3.179-94. 

1994c. (letters on miscellaneous topics). William Safire, In love with Norma Loquendi (New York: Random House), 59-60, 209, 221.

1994d. Linguistics as biology, as psychology, and as linguistics. LACUS 20.134-50.

1995a. Otto Jespersen's 1917 monograph on negation. Word 46.29-39. 

1995b. Review of John M. Ellis, Language, thought, and logic. Language 71.351-9.

1995c. Comparative and comparative-conditional clauses in Mandarin and Cantonese. In Matthew Chen & Ovid Tzeng (eds.) In Honor of William S.-Y. Wang: Interdisciplinary Studies on Language and Language Change (Taipei: Pyramid), 313-22. Earlier version in University of ChicagoWorking Papers in Linguistics . 

1995d. Review of Matthews, Grammatical theory in the United States from Bloomfield to Chomsky. Journal of Linguistics 31.444-53. 

1995e. Review of Searchinger (dir.), The Human Language. Language 71.622-9

1995f. Generative semantics. Verschuren et al. (eds.), Handbook of Pragmatics (Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins), 311-19. 

1995g. English. In J. Jacobs (ed.), Syntax: an Intermediate Handbook of Contemporary Research (Berlin: de Gruyter), vol. 2, 1319-47.

1995h. The focus and scope of only . In B. Partee and P. Sgall (eds.), Discourse and Meaning (Amsterdam: Benjamins), 171-93. Earlier version in University of Chicago Working Papers in Linguistics 2.101-113.

1996a. Musical notation. Daniels & Bright (eds.), The Writing Systems of the World. Oxford University Press, 846-54.

1996b. An overview of "appositive" constructions in English. ESCOL 95, 95-211.

1996c. Conversational scorekeeping and the interpretation of conditional sentences. M. Shibatani & S. Thompson (eds.), Grammatical Constructions . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 77-101.

To appear a. A note on Japanese passives. Festschrift for Osamu Fujimura. Berlin: Mouton.

To appear b. More on Chinese parts of speech. Proceedings of International Symposium on Chinese Language and Linguistics, Hsinchu: National Tsinghua University.

To appear c. Acceptability judgments in the teaching and doing of syntax. CLS 32.

To appear d. 2nd edition of The Syntactic Phenomena of English (= 1988f). University of Chicago Press.

To appear e. Some interactions between tense and negation in English. Festschrift for 

To appear f. The long and short of numbers.